Cogeneration is a highly efficient process that uses one fuel to generate two types of energy, electrical and thermal. By capturing and using heat that would otherwise go to waste, cogeneration reduces the overall fuel consumed in the process. It is one of the cleaner and most cost-effective options available for energy production.
How is cogeneration different from “conventional sources” of energy?
Large utility companies usually generate electricity at a centralized location and then transmit the electricity over miles of wires (often referred to as “the grid”). The transmission process and the waste heat loss at the centralized power plant result in high energy losses. In contrast, a CHP cogeneration system is typically located on site (e.g a factory or plant), and the system is designed to capture waste heat from the generation of another product that heat or steam to product electricity. Given its on-site location and dual-purpose process, cogeneration is a more efficient way for many factories to produce electricity aconventional generation options.
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